How will artificial intelligence be applied in the military industry?

The military is applying AVA—which offers real-time information and ad-hoc reporting to enable intelligent and automated decision-making—to its critical telecommunications networks—the private communications that connect disparate devices controlled by the network owner. monitor your traffic in real time -.

“But it’s not clear to us what (the combat bodies) are doing in the use cases because we don’t have access to that. It’s confidential information. But we believe with AI they’re trying to automate tasks and they’re trying to make them proactive when they get some type of request or will try to process autonomously in their own networks,” explained Santiago Escalona, ​​director of business strategy at Nokia Mexico. .

Artificial intelligence – which is powered by data it collects in real time – can be used on the battlefield with a variety of sensors, recording information about a soldier’s location, physical, emotional and mental state, as well as capabilities over time. face different situations and even develop military strategies, details the study Military Use of Artificial Intelligence, Automation and Robotics, carried out by the Higher Center for National Defense Studies (Ceseden), the subsidiary governing body of the Spanish Armed Forces.

The war between Russia and Ukraine is an example of how militaries have incorporated artificial intelligence into the battlefield. In war, autonomous drones have been used with AI to make the attack more effective.

In Mexico, the military uses facial recognition technology at airports, the tool of which requires artificial intelligence. In addition, there have been recent reports that drones have been used in some parts of the country, but the purpose of using this technology has not been clarified.

Grecia Macías, a lawyer at the Network Association in Defense of Digital Rights (R3D), explained that AI is nothing new. The use of this technology began several years ago with the incorporation of systems such as facial recognition, biometric data collection and even autonomous weapons. But what is happening is the sophistication of this technology. “Only now has the term artificial intelligence been introduced as an umbrella to create invisible technologies that already existed and that only affected human rights,” Macías reflects.

Artificial intelligence as an automated system can fall into the bias of machine learning algorithms to scan a face and determine a person’s gender, race, emotion or even identity, can make mistakes and even put people in risky situations. Individual.

“This can happen with the use of artificial intelligence in military bodies, and it can even serve as an excuse to legitimize a mistake, such as bombing civilians instead of the enemy. They will be able to argue that they made that decision based on what the machine told them,” warns a lawyer from the civil association R3D.

Even the Military Uses of AI, Automation and Robotics study itself acknowledges that the use of this type of technology is still prejudiced. “There are algorithms that tend to identify members of certain ethnic groups as criminals or favor hiring one gender over another,” which is why he stressed that the use of the technology still needs to be analyzed carefully.

The uses and applications that AI has in both the military, industry and society have started to set off alarms. Therefore, on December 9, the European Union agreed to the first regulatory regulation in the Western world for the use of AI. The aim is to introduce safeguards and fundamental rights to prevent technologies such as ChatGPT or biometric identification from being used for oppressive, manipulative or discriminatory purposes.

“You cannot implement a tool just because it becomes widespread, but it must be analyzed and regulated, because not all uses of artificial intelligence should be allowed and many of them are not even compatible in democratic societies, and this critical point needs to be made from the beginning.” Macías emphasized.

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